The production of Sangiovese wine DOCG (Controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin) is located at the beginning of the Maremma area in Tuscany, halfway between where Brunello of Montalcino and Morellino of Scansano are produced.
Tuscany is surely one of the Italian regions synonymous with very high quality. It is a great region in every sense: for its geographical size (23,000 Square kilometers, 67% of which is hilly, 25% mountainous and 8% flat, including the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago), for its area devoted to vineyards (about 70,000 hectares) and for the number of DOCG and DOC (Guarantee of Origin) wines (11 DOCG wines and more than 40 DOCs).
In Tuscany, about 70% of the production comes from red wine grapes, among which Sangiovese (and its varieties) Canaiolo, and the Ciliegiolo. Among the white wine grapes, we must mention the Trebbiano Toscano, the Malvasia Bianca Lunga, the Vernaccia and the Vermentino.
The Chianti area includes two DOCG, the Chianti Classico, that is the traditional area between Florence and Siena, and the Chianti DOCG that is a very large area including all of the Tuscan provinces except Massa-Carrara, Grosseto and Livorno, plus the 7 smaller areas of the Hills of Arezzo, Florence, Siena, Pisa, Montalbano, Montespertoli and Rufina.
The original Chianti “recipe”, set down by Baron Ricasoli in 1835, consisted of up to a maximum of 90% Sangiovese grapes, 5-10% of Canaiolo grapes and 2-5% of white wine grapes, mainly Malvasie and Trebbiano. In the area around Siena we also find the Montalcino zone (Brunello di Montalcino DOCG) whose wines, containing Sangiovese grapes are some of the best Italian wines, and the Vino Nobile of Montepulciano DOCG (Sangiovese).
Also containing Sangiovese grapes, but grown at a slightly lower altitude, in the province of Grosseto, we find the DOCG Montecuccoand the Morellino of Scansano DOCG, the DOCG Carmignano (which is made from at least 50% Sangiovese grapes, a maximum of 20% Canaiolo grapes, 10-20% Merlot and Cabernet grapes, alone or mixed together), and the DOCG Vernaccia of San Gemignano(white wine, from a Vernaccia grapevine). We also want to mention the most recent Suvereto DOCG, the former subarea of the Val di Cornia DOC, which also became DOCG (Rosso of the Val di Cornia DOCG).
The Island of Elba is characterized by the Aleatico variety of grapes (red wine) Passito DOCG.